In addition, it will become easier to extract oil, gas and minerals in the region. However, shrinking sea ice could drastically change the climate. Sea ice effectively reflects incoming solar energy back into space. Otherwise, it is absorbed by the oceans, heats them up and accelerates global warming, which leads to various natural disasters. In addition, the acceleration of ice melt will be catastrophic for northern animals, as it will complicate the search for food. Polar bears, for example, rely on ice to hunt seals. Among renewable energy sources, geothermal energy is also distinguished: installations with heat pumps, geothermal power plants. We tell you how they are arranged, on what principle they work and where they are relevant.
Expert: Igor Valigun - graduated from named after. Mendeleev with whatsapp mobile number list a degree in environmental engineering, a specialist in renewable energy sources (heat pumps), a candidate of economic sciences in the field of renewable energy. How can you use geothermal energy Geothermal energy is especially important to use where there are natural underground thermal waters, volcanic activity and geysers. Even in the northern climate - in Siberia and the Far East. Thermal installations with geothermal pumps can be used in business, industry, for private consumers.
To heat schools, kindergartens, residential buildings. Geothermal energy can be extracted using geothermal power plants and geothermal heat pump installations. There are two types of geothermal installations. The former use hot springs (geysers, volcanoes) with temperatures ranging from 100 to 1300 ºC. The second type is installations that use the low-grade heat of the earth. Hot Springs Approximately half of all geothermal power plants operating in the world operate on dry steam deposits from thermal groundwater. But their number is small, and almost all of them are located where there are geysers and thermal waters: there are few such places in Russia - in Kamchatka, in Western Siberia (Omsk, Novosibirsk region), in Dagestan.